Dynamic Mic Preamplifier Circuit
This mic preamp uses the low noise IC uA739. The circuit is an example of how a good preamplifier can be designed for dynamic microphones. The IC houses two identical integrated preamp circuits. The second preamp is used in identical manner for the second channel of the stereo microphone.
Diagram bellow shows the pin numbers (in brackers) for the second identical channel. All external parts are identical to those shown in the schematic.
The non-inverting input is biased at about 50% of the power supply. This bias voltage is set by the voltage divider circuit R1 and R4. The point between R1 and R4 is used commonly for both channels.
The unwanted HF signals coming from the microphone are filtered out by the RC-circuit composed of R3/C4. Frequency compensation is done by the R7/C6 circuit. The values of R7 and C6 were designed to avoid oscillation at the amplification level of 100.
The input impedance is about 47K. This means that a normal dynamic microphone gets connected to a high impedance preamp which in turn produces good results. The output impedance is about several hundred ohms.
THe maximum peak-peak output voltage is about several volts lower than the supplied power. The frequency range is from 20Hz to 20KHz (-3dB). The upper cutoff frequency is 80KHz when the low-pass filter is removed from the circuit. The IC shown can be replaced with TBA231 or SN76131 without changind the external circuit.
Dynamic microphone preamp circuit diagram