Digital Step-Km Counter

Digital Step-Km Counter

Max. range: 9.950 meters with two digits

Slip it in pants’ pocket for walking and jogging

Circuit diagram

Digital Step Km Counter Circuit

Parts:

  • R1,R3 22K 1/4W Resistor
  • R2 2M2 1/4W Resistor
  • R4 1M 1/4W Resistor
  • R5,R7,R8 4K7 1/4W Resistor
  • R6 47R 1/4W Resistor
  • R9 1K 1/4W Resistor
  • C1 47nF 63V Polyester Capacitor
  • C2 100nF 63V Polyester Capacitor
  • C3 10nF 63V Polyester Capacitor
  • C4 10µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor
  • D1 Common-cathode 7-segment LED mini-display (Hundreds meters)
  • D2 Common-cathode 7-segment LED mini-display (Kilometers)
  • IC1 4093 Quad 2 input Schmitt NAND Gate IC
  • IC2 4024 7 stage ripple counter IC
  • IC3,IC4 4026 Decade counter with decoded 7-segment display outputs IC
  • Q1,Q2 BC327 45V 800mA PNP Transistors
  • P1 SPST Pushbutton (Reset)
  • P2 SPST Pushbutton (Display)
  • SW1 SPST Mercury Switch, called also Tilt Switch
  • SW2 SPST Slider Switch (Sound on-off)
  • SW3 SPST Slider Switch (Power on-off)
  • BZ Piezo sounder
  • B1 3V Battery (2 AA 1.5V Cells in series)

Device purpose:

This circuit measures the distance covered during a walk. Hardware is
located in a small box slipped in pants’ pocket and the display is
conceived in the following manner: the leftmost display D2 (the most
significant digit) shows 0 to 9 Km. and its dot is always on to separate
Km. from hm. The rightmost display D1 (the least significant digit)
shows hundreds meters and its dot lights after every 50 meters of
walking. A beeper (excludable), signals each count unit, which occurs
every two steps. A normal step is calculated to span approx. 78
centimeters, thus the LED signaling 50 meters lights after 64 steps or
32 mercury switch’s operations, the display indicates 100 meters after
128 steps and so on. For low battery consumption the display lights only
on request, pushing P2. Accidental reset of the counters is avoided
because to reset the circuit both pushbuttons must be operated together.
Obviously this is not a precision meter, but its approximation’s degree
was found good for this kind of device. In any case, the most critical
thing to do is placement and sloping degree of the mercury switch inside
the box.

Circuit operation:

IC1A & IC1B form a monostable multivibrator providing some degree
of freedom from excessive bouncing of the mercury switch. Therefore a
clean square pulse enters IC2 that divide by 64. Q2 lights the dot of D1
every 32 pulses counted by IC2. IC3 & IC4 divide by 10 each and
drive the displays. P1 resets the counters and P2 enables the displays.
IC1C generates an audio frequency square wave that is enabled for a
short time at each monostable count. Q1 drives the piezo sounder and SW2
let you disable the beep.

Notes:

  • Experiment with placement and sloping degree of mercury switch inside the box: this is very critical.
  • Try to obtain a pulse every two walking steps. Listening to the beeper is extremely useful at this setting’s stage.
  • Trim R6 value to change beeper sound power.
  • Push P1 and P2 to reset.
  • This circuit is primarily intended for walking purposes. For
    jogging, further great care must be used with mercury switch placement
    to avoid undesired counts.
  • Current consumption with display disabled is negligible, therefore SW3 can be omitted.

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