Broken Charger Connection Alarm Circuit

Detects if a device is not properly connected to its supply
Suitable for battery chargers, portable appliance supplies etc.

The above circuit can be useful to detect if the load of any battery
charger or plug-in adapter supply is not properly connected. The load
can be a set of batteries to be charged or any other type of battery or
low dc voltage operated device. The circuit can safely operate over a 3
to 15V range and 1A max. Current, provided the supply voltage is about
one volt higher than the voltage required by the load.
The circuit is inserted between the supply and the load; therefore,
until a trickle-charging current of at least 100µA is flowing towards
the load, D1 and D2 will conduct. The forward voltage drop (about 1V)
available across the Diodes drives Q2 into conduction and, consequently,
Q1 will be cut-off. If no appreciable load is connected across the
circuit’s output, Q2 will become cut-off, Q1 will conduct and the
Piezo-sounder will beep.

Circuit diagram:

Broken Charger Connection Alarm Circuit

Broken Charger Connection Alarm Circuit Diagram


R1 = 10K
R2 = 1K
R3 = 1K
Q1 = BC557
Q2 = BC557
D1 = 1N4007
D2 = 1N4007
D3 = Red LED
BZ1 = Piezo Sounder


  • An optional LED and its series limiting resistor can be wired in parallel to BZ1, as shown in dotted lines in the circuit diagram.
  • In this case you may omit the Piezo-sounder in order to obtain a visual alert only.

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